The following year, the Supreme Court ruled that it was acceptable to reward guilty defendants with reduced sentences (Brady v. United States) and that defendants can plead guilty without being guilty, meaning they can make a plea for good business even if they actually feel innocent (Carolina v. Alford). In a fourth plea, the Supreme Court ruled in 1971 that defendants are entitled to appeal if prosecutors violate the conditions set out in oral arguments (Santobello v. New York). In 1978, in Bordenkircher v. Hayes, prosecutors have sometimes threatened to charge defendants who refuse to negotiate as long as they are charged. Plea`s negotiations as a formal legal provision was introduced in Pakistan by the National Accountability Ordinance 1999, an anti-corruption law. One of the peculiarities of this plea is that the accused lays charges, accepts guilt and proposes to return the proceeds of corruption identified by investigators and prosecutors. After approval by the President of the National Accountability Bureau, the application is submitted to the court that decides whether it should be accepted or not. If the application for an appeal of good business is accepted by the court, the accused is convicted, but is not convicted if during the hearing or submits to a sentence imposed in advance by a lower court, if on appeal. The accused is disqualified to participate in elections, to perform in public service or to obtain credit from a bank; the accused is also removed from office if a government official is removed. In 2007, the Sakharam Bandekar case became the first case of its kind in India, in which the accused, Sakharam Bandekar, sought a lesser sentence in exchange for confessions of his crime (with plea).

However, the court rejected his plea and accepted the CBI`s argument that the accused faces serious corruption charges. [36] Finally, the court sentenced Bandekar to three years in prison. [37] Arguments are extremely difficult in civil legal systems. Unlike common law systems, civil law systems have no recourse if the defendant confesses; a confession is in evidence, but the prosecutor is not exempt from the requirement to present a full case. A court may decide that an accused is innocent, even if he or she has made a full confession. Unlike common law systems, prosecutors in civil law countries may not have the power to drop or reduce costs after a case has been filed, and in some countries their power to drop or reduce costs before a case is filed is limited, making oral arguments impossible. Since the 1980s, many civil law nations have adapted their systems to allow for oral arguments. [39] A prosecutor may want to maintain a high conviction rate or avoid the loss of high-level trials, thereby creating the potential for advocacy that favours their interests, but reduces the potential for prosecution and punishment to deter crimes. [17] Prosecutors may also make prosecution decisions that have a significant impact on an accused`s sentence, and may lay charges or propose arguments that themselves induce an innocent accused to consider or accept a plea. Malaysia has resolved its judicial backlog in the last ten years after the adoption of the reforms of the criminal procedure, but it is not known to what extent this is due to the application of the provisions relating to negotiations with oral arguments.