A public sector employee or public servant is all employees of a government department or agency. The Employment Relations Board (ERB) was established after the adoption of the Employment and Industrial Relations Act 2002. The Board of Directors is composed of 13 members: an independent chairman, four employers` representatives, four employee representatives and four members appointed by the government. The MA examines employment issues and makes recommendations to the Minister responsible for labour before the publication of labour legislation. Some staff members may use the dispute resolution services of the Department of Industrial and Employment Relations (DIER). Exchange of views and opening of dialogue between workers` representatives and workers. The employer must provide the representatives of the company with information and consultation on (a) recent and foreseeable developments in the activities and economic situation of the enterprise; (b) the situation, structure and likely development of employment in the undertaking and any prospective action envisaged, in particular where employment in the undertaking is threatened; and (c) information and consultation on decisions likely to lead to significant changes in the organization of work or contractual relations. Minimum employment rates in most sectors are set by the Wage Regulation Regulation (RR), which regulates their professional activity. On the other hand, overtime rates for workers who are not covered by a wage regulation are governed by Opinion 46 of 2012, namely the overtime scheme. This legal note stipulates that these workers must pay one and a half times the normal rate for work longer than a 40-hour week, average over a period of four weeks or on the shiftwork cycle at the discretion of the employer. Collective bargaining in Malta usually takes place at company level between a single union representing more than 50% +1 of employees as members and a single employer. Collective bargaining usually results in a collective agreement. In the public service, where unions are traditionally stronger, a collective agreement is signed by seven unions.
State bodies/agencies/entities are subject to separate collective agreements which are negotiated for each body. .